An IQ study has shown that intelligence does not lead to wealth. Though higher IQ scores tend to lead to an average increased income, the very brightest are more likely to have money problems than those with a more mediocre intelligence. The study done by Ohio State University also suggests that the largest fortunes are gained in ways that do not involve academic intelligence. Virgin founder Sir Richard Branson left school at 15 with no qualifications and has a £3 billion fortune, and the Duke of Westminster left school with one O level, failed the Sandhurst exam but inherited a property empire.